Hundies & their Kinds13th May 2023 0 By indiafreenotes
“Hundies” refer to Hundis or Hundee, which are negotiable instruments commonly used in certain parts of India, particularly in commercial transactions. They are similar to bills of exchange or promissory notes but are specific to the Indian context. Let’s explore the kinds of Hundies:
- Darshani Hundi: A Darshani Hundi is a type of Hundi that is payable on presentation. It is similar to a demand bill of exchange, where the payment is to be made immediately upon presentation to the drawee.
- Muddati Hundi: A Muddati Hundi is a time bill of exchange that specifies a fixed period or maturity date for payment. It is payable after a specified period from the date of its creation. The term “Muddati” means “term” or “period” in Hindi.
- Miadi Hundi: A Miadi Hundi is a hundi payable on a fixed future date. It is similar to a time bill of exchange but with a specific maturity date. The term “Miadi” means “fixed” or “appointed” in Hindi.
- Nam Jog Hundi: A Nam Jog Hundi is a hundi payable to a named payee. The term “Nam Jog” means “payable to the named person” in Hindi. It is similar to a promissory note where the payment is made to a specified person or their order.
- Dhani Jog Hundi: A Dhani Jog Hundi is a hundi payable to the bearer. The term “Dhani Jog” means “payable to the bearer” in Hindi. It is similar to a bearer instrument, where the payment can be made to whoever possesses the hundi.
- Jawabee Hundi: A Jawabee Hundi is a hundi that requires a written acceptance or response from the drawee to validate it. It acts as proof of acceptance and confirms the liability of the drawee to make payment.
- Firman Jog Hundi: A Firman Jog Hundi is a hundi that is payable as per the order or instruction given by the drawee. The payment is subject to the specific directions mentioned by the drawee.
- Shah Jog Hundi: A Shah Jog Hundi is a hundi that is payable to the holder at a specific place or location. The payment is to be made at the specified place mentioned in the hundi.
These are some of the common kinds of Hundies found in Indian commercial transactions. The terms and conditions of the Hundies may vary, and it is important to consider the specific provisions mentioned in each hundi. It is advisable to seek legal advice or refer to the relevant laws and regulations to understand the intricacies and legal implications associated with the use of Hundies.