Payments in new courts

13/05/2023 0 By indiafreenotes

Under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, which is an Indian legislation governing negotiable instruments such as promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques, there are provisions related to the payment of these instruments in court. Let’s discuss the relevant aspects:

  1. Payment into Court: Section 83 of the Negotiable Instruments Act allows the party liable to pay the amount mentioned in the instrument to deposit the amount in court if there is a dispute regarding the instrument’s validity or the party’s liability. This provision provides a mechanism for the party to protect their interests and avoid potential legal consequences while the dispute is being resolved.
  2. Liability on Payment in Due Course: Section 85 of the Act states that when a party makes payment in due course, i.e., according to the instrument’s terms, and in good faith and without negligence, the payment discharges the party from liability to the same extent as if the payment had been made to the holder of the instrument. This provision protects the party making the payment from being held liable for the same amount again.
  3. Protection to Paying Bankers: Section 85A of the Act provides protection to bankers who receive payment of a crossed cheque in good faith and without negligence. If a banker receives payment of a crossed cheque for a customer, the banker is discharged from any liability to the true owner of the cheque.
  4. Discharge of Liability: Section 82 of the Act deals with the discharge of liability upon payment. It states that the party liable to pay the instrument can be discharged from further liability by making payment in due course or by obtaining a valid discharge from the holder of the instrument.
  5. Mode of Payment: The Act does not specify any particular mode of payment in court. The payment can generally be made in the same manner as prescribed by the court for the deposit of money or payment of debts.

It is important to note that the specific procedural aspects and requirements for making payments in court under the Negotiable Instruments Act may vary depending on the jurisdiction and the rules of the particular court where the matter is being adjudicated. Therefore, it is advisable to consult with legal professionals or refer to the relevant court rules for precise information on making payments in court in relation to negotiable instruments.