Principles of Collective Bargaining
17th October 2020
For both union and management
- Collective bargaining process should give due consideration to hear the problems on both sides. This will develop mutual understanding of a problem which is more important for arriving at the solutions.
- Both the management and union should analyze the alternatives to arrive at the best solution.
- There must be mutual respect on both the parties. The management should respect the unions and the unions should recognize the importance of management.
- Both the union and management must have good faith and confidence in discussion and arriving at a solution.
- Collective bargaining required effective leadership on both sides, on the union side and management side to moderate discussions and create confidence.
- In collective bargaining both the union and management should observe the laws and regulations in practice in arriving at a solution.
- In all negotiations, the labour should be given due consideration – in wage fixation, in working conditions, bonus etc.
- Management should think of realistic principles and policies for labour regulations.
- The recognitions of a trade union to represent the problems is more essential. If there are more than one union, the management can recognize on which is having the support of majority of workers.
- Management should follow a policy of goodwill, and cooperation in collective bargaining rather than an indifferent attitude towards the union.
- Managements need not wait for trade union to represent their grievances for settlement. Management can voluntarily take measures to settle the grievances.
- Managements should give due consideration to social and economic conditions of workers in collective bargaining.
- Unions should avoid undemocratic practices.
- Unions have to recognize their duties to the management also before emphasizing their demands.
- Unions have to consider the benefits to all workers rather than a section of workers.
- Strike lock-outs should be resorted to, only as a last measure. As far as possible they have to be avoided by compromise and discussion.