Provisions of Ind AS-7 (old AS 3)

27/07/2020 2 By indiafreenotes

Foreign currency cash flows:

  • Record cash flows (those cash flows which arise from transactions in foreign currency) in functional currency.
  • Cash flows of a foreign subsidiary shall be translated at the exchange rates between functional currency and foreign currency.
  • Exchange rate at the date of cash flows shall be applied. Ind AS 21 permits the use of exchange rate that approximates the actual rate.
  • Unrealized gains and losses arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates are not cash flows. However, the effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents is reported in the statement of cash flows in order to reconcile cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and the end of the period. This amount is presented separately from cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities.

Change in ownership (no such concept under AS 3):

  1. Cash flows from obtaining / losing control in businesses (including subsidiary) shall be presented separately and classified as Investing activity and disclose the following:
  • Total amount of consideration
  • Portion of consideration consisting of cash and cash equivalents
  • Amount of cash and cash equivalent over which control is obtained / lost
  • Assets and liabilities (other than cash and cash equivalent) over which control is obtained / lost summarised in each major category.

2. Cash flow effects of losing control are not deducted from those of obtaining control.
3. Cash paid / received as consideration is reported net of cash and cash equivalents acquired / disposed on account of such transaction.
4. Cash flows arising from changes in ownership in subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control shall be classified as cash flows from financing activities, unless subsidiary is held by investment entity.

Non-cash Transactions:

Many investing and financing activities do not impact cash flows although they do affect the capital and asset structure of an entity. These shall be excluded from the statement of cash flows. Examples:

  • Acquisition of assets by means of a finance lease;
  • Conversion of debt to equity.
  • Issue of bonus shares
  • Conversion of term loan into equity shares

Such transactions shall be disclosed in the financial statements indicating investing / financing activity.

Changes in liabilities arising from financing activities (It was an amendment in Ind AS 7 and this provision was not there in AS 3):
• An entity shall provide the following disclosures to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes:
o changes from financing cash flows
o changes arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses;
o the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates;
o changes in fair values; and
o other changes.
• It also applies to changes in financial assets (for example, assets that hedge liabilities arising from financing activities) if cash flows from those financial assets included in cash flows from financing activities.
• Disclosure requirement can be fulfilled by: Reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities.
• If an entity discloses the same with disclosures of changes in other assets and liabilities, it shall disclose financing activities separately.
• Components of cash and cash equivalents and reconciliation with amount appearing in balance sheet
• Policy adopted in determining composition of cash and cash equivalents
• Significant cash and cash equivalent that are not available for use by the entity (with commentary by management).
Examples: balance in unpaid dividend account, bank balance subject to legal restrictions, earmarked balances, bank balance for share application money / pending allotment of shares.
• Additional information (optional but standard encouraged the following disclosure):
o amount of undrawn borrowing facilities (indicating any restrictions on use)
o cash flows representing increases in operating capacity separately from cash flows required to maintain operating capacity;
o cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of each reportable segment (same is required by Ind AS 108).