Principle of employee/ Labour Welfare

19/10/2020 1 By indiafreenotes

The following are generally given as the principles to be followed in setting up a employee welfare programme:

  1. The programme should satisfy real needs of the workers:

This means that the manager must first determine what the employees’ real needs are. Extreme care and serious research should go into the decision of whether or not to offer a particular employee service. More evidence is required than a mere unfounded bias of the manager.

  1. The programme should be such as can be handled best by a group approach:

For example, life insurance purchased as a group can be obtained at a significantly lower price than some insurance purchased by the individual. But it is argued that depending upon the differences in sex, age, marital status, number of children, type of job and the income level of employees, there are large differences in their choice of a particular benefit.

As a result, it is suggested that a package total value of benefits should be determined and the selection of the mix of benefits should be left to the choice of each individual employee. This is known as the ‘cafeteria approach’. Such an approach individualizes the benefit system though it may be difficult to operate and administer.

  1. The employer should not assume a benevolent posture:

Some employers foster dependency on employees which is counter-productive. The paternalistic and benevolent approach has fallen in disrepute as a result of the employee’s desire to gain independence and dignity.

  1. The cost of the programme should be calculable and its financing established on a sound basis:

There are several employee services such as pension, provident fund, insurance, etc., which are not cheap to administer. The cost of such benefits can hardly be termed a fringe. It is, therefore, essential that before conceding any such service over the collective bargaining table sound actuarial estimates of costs are made and adequate provisions for financing it are established.

  1. The management should ensure cooperation and active participation of unions and workers in formulating and implementing the programme.
  2. There should be a periodical assessment or evaluation of the programme and necessary timely improvement on the basis of feedback.

Labour welfare has emerged as a professional discipline.

Just like any other applied profession, it has specific aims and objectives based upon certain principles:

(a) Principle of Integration or Coordination: Welfare programmes cannot be segregated. They cannot be taken up part-by-part. It is a whole programme. For example, health and welfare should cover up all the aspects of health and hygiene, physical, social and moral hygiene.

(b) Principle of Association: Any welfare programme meant for the development of workers’ community should associate workers with the planning and execution of the programme. Workers should be associated for conducting activities.

(c) Principle of Responsibility: Workers should be incorporated and they should be hold responsible for the activities aiming at workers’ welfare. For example, workers participate in safety committees, sports committees, canteen committees, etc.

(d) Principle of Accountability: Every programme, every person and every activity should be answerable. Welfare programme are socially audited and evaluated. Successful programme is retained Weaker programme are straightened.

(e) Principle of Timeliness: Timely help is a valuable help. A stick in time saves nine. When a worker needs economic assistance for trading a sick child or for building a house, there should be reasonable lapse of time but beyond a limit he can’t wait. Appropriate action begins taken for welfare might serve the purpose. In certain circumstances of emergency, delay in assistance means denial of human value and justice.