Multichannel Retailing: Meaning and Types

11th November 2021 1 By indiafreenotes

Retail has changed significantly in the past few years. While consumers continue to make purchases in person at brick and mortar stores, or online from a retailer’s website, a growing number of retailers are now combining their marketing across multiple channels, greeting the customer wherever they happen to be.

Multichannel Retailing is the process of using multiple channels for selling similar products across different platforms. The platforms may be online and offline and the various channels may be brick and mortar store, online store, mobile store, mobile app store, etc. Multichannel retailing is the approach of businesses reaching down to the customers along the choice of convenience of the customers. The final purchasing may be across any of the channels, but the collaborative effect of the various channels helps facilitating the buying decision process in multiple ways.

In multichannel marketing, for example, you may see an ad for a product on Facebook and another on Google, with the option to purchase directly through either platform, or from the retailer’s website, or in person at a physical store. There may be consistencies or differences in the ads, or even differences in pricing through the different channels.

Types of Sales Channels

Website

A web store is essential to channel for all retailers because it leads you to personalize the shopping experience.

Social Media Channels

Influencers share their experiences on social media. It drives traffic; social media is an excellent way for people to discover new products.

Marketplace

It is best for buyers, and they can decide for purchase as they have a brand or a product already in mind.

Comparison Shopping Engines

Price and benefits from the product are the most influential factors in purchasing decisions. It gives fast pricing information to shoppers.

Benefits:

Collect Valuable Data

Multi-Channel Retailing allows you to collect a lot more data on customer purchases compared to a single channel. After doing this, you can understand which sales channel your customers seem to prefer the most. With only a single sales channel, you would not be able to compare your sales with other channels since you are stuck with the one you have. Comparing several channels gives you a broader perspective. When you start using several channels, you see that you are selling 10X volume of goods on one channel, whereas, on another channel, you are selling only X volume of goods. You learn which channel is best for you and which channel is best for which product.

Better Revenue

If you have spent a lot of money on advertising and marketing to make brand awareness, but your customers have only one way of buying your product, it does not increase your revenue. By spreading your business across various platforms, you can get more attention from customers. It will give time to customers to browse your store, compare prices, do their research which is essential for them to make a purchase decision. Improved revenue is the most prominent advantage of Multi-Channel Retailing.

Challenges

Investment is costly

Multi-channel retailing is costly when you plan to set up a lot of channels. Because each channel requires another round of expenses, like a setup cost, customization, hiring employees to manage it. Marketing and advertisement add more expense again.

Difficult to co-ordinate inventory across various channels

The biggest challenge for multi-channel retailing is managing inventory across all the different sales channels. It is because its channel is independent of others. So, change in one channel is not going to reflect in the other unless it is done manually.

For example, suppose a multi-channel retailer has three different channels. They are a physical store, eCommerce platform, and third-party marketplace like Amazon. If there on out of stock for a specific product, they immediately mark it as out of stock in their eCommerce platform. But forgot to mark it as out of stock in their third-party marketplace like Amazon. Now, if the customer places an order for that specific product in their third-party marketplace, then the retailer will either have to turn the customer away or keep him waiting. Both of which are embarrassing and not good for business.