Elements of life skills: Behavior, attitude, mannerism, manners, etiquette, ethos, morality, determination commitment, courageousness, perseverance

20th December 2020 1 By indiafreenotes


Behavior is the actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the physical environment. It is the computed response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether internal or external, conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.

Taking a behavior informatics perspective, a behavior consists of behavior actor, operation, interactions, and their properties. A behavior can be represented as a behavior vector.


Attitude refers to feelings, beliefs, and behavior predispositions directed towards people, groups, ideas, or objects. It influences the behavior of the individuals. It decides how to act or behave in a particular situation. Attitude is a kind of habit. It is the usual way of doing things.

Everything in an organization will get better if the attitude of everyone gets better. Successes and failures in life depend upon the attitude of the individuals. If attitudes are positive, then human relations will be positive. It is internal and challenging to change.


Mannerism, also known as Late Renaissance, is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520, spreading by about 1530 and lasting until about the end of the 16th century in Italy, when the Baroque style largely replaced it. Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century.


A person with good manners shows respects towards feelings and sentiments of others living in the surroundings. He/she never differentiates people and shows equal regard to everyone. Modesty, humbleness, kindness, and courtesy are the essential traits of a well-behaving person. Hence, a well-behaved person never feels proud or arrogant and always take care of the feelings of others. Practicing good manners and following them all through the day will definitely bring sunshine and add qualities to life.


Etiquette in simpler words is defined as good behaviour which distinguishes human beings from animals. Human Being is a social animal and it is really important for him to behave in an appropriate way. Etiquette refers to behaving in a socially responsible way.


Ethos in Management refers to the values and practices that the culture of India can contribute to service, leadership and management. These values and practices are rooted in Sanathana Dharma, and have been influenced by various strands of Indian philosophy.


Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper. Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with “goodness” or “rightness“.

Moral philosophy includes meta-ethics, which studies abstract issues such as moral ontology and moral epistemology, and normative ethics, which studies more concrete systems of moral decision-making such as deontological ethics and consequentialism. An example of normative ethical philosophy is the Golden Rule, which states that: “One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself.”

Immorality is the active opposition to morality while amorality is variously defined as an unawareness of, indifference toward, or disbelief in any particular set of moral standards or principles.

Determination commitment, Perseverance

Entrepreneurs are married to their ideas. They are passionate about these ideas and are ready to do anything to make things happen. When they face rough weather, entrepreneurs are willing to go to extreme lengths such as mortgaging their house, taking a cut in pay, ignoring their families and walking a stressful, lonely and deserted path. They are usually at their best when challenged by circumstances.

They are fired by situations that truly burn their candle of energies. In the face of heavy odds, they show tremendous amount of grit, determination, and perseverance. They are not prepared to come back empty handed and so they hang on to what they believe is right. They exhibit unwavering commitment to a cause that they believe to be beneficial to the company, as well as the society.


Courage is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. Physical courage is bravery in the face of physical pain, hardship, even death or threat of death, while moral courage is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, discouragement, or personal loss.

The classical virtue of fortitude is also translated “courage”, but includes the aspects of perseverance and patience.