TCL Commands: Commit, Roll Back, Save point

26/10/2022 0 By indiafreenotes

COMMIT command in SQL is used to save all the transaction-related changes permanently to the disk. Whenever DDL commands such as INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE are used, the changes made by these commands are permanent only after closing the current session. So before closing the session, one can easily roll back the changes made by the DDL commands. Hence, if we want the changes to be saved permanently to the disk without closing the session, we will use the commit command.




We will select an existing database, i.e., school.

mysql> USE school;

Rollback command

This command restores the database to last commited state. It is also used with SAVEPOINT command to jump to a savepoint in an ongoing transaction.

If we have used the UPDATE command to make some changes into the database, and realise that those changes were not required, then we can use the ROLLBACK command to rollback those changes, if they were not commited using the COMMIT command.

Following is rollback command’s syntax,

ROLLBACK TO savepoint_name;


SAVEPOINT command is used to temporarily save a transaction so that you can rollback to that point whenever required.

Following is savepoint command’s syntax,

SAVEPOINT savepoint_name;

In short, using this command we can name the different states of our data in any table and then rollback to that state using the ROLLBACK command whenever required.