Ownership Patterns of Micro, Small and Medium enterprise14th September 2022 0 By indiafreenotes
Following the MSMED Act, 2006, the Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) enterprises are classified into the following two types.
- Manufacturing enterprises: The enterprises which engaged in the manufacturing or production of goods are known as manufacturing enterprises
- Service enterprises: The units which engaged in providing or rendering services are stated as service enterprises
|Composite Criteria: Investment in Plant / Machinery and Turnover|
|Type of Enterprises||Investment||Turnover|
|1||Micro enterprises||Less than Rs.1 Crore||Less than Rs.5 Crore|
|2||Small enterprises||Less than Rs.10 Crore||Less than Rs.50 Crore|
|3||Medium enterprises||Less than Rs.20 Crore||Less than Rs.100 Crore|
|Composite Criteria: Investment in Plant and Machinery|
|Type of Enterprises||Manufacturing enterprises||Service enterprises|
|1||Micro enterprises||Less than or Equal to Rs.25 Lakhs||Less than or Equal to Rs.10 Lakhs|
|2||Small enterprises||Rs.25 lakhs to Rs.5 Crore||Rs.10 lakhs to Rs.2 Crore|
|3||Medium enterprises||Rs.5 Crore to Rs.10 Crore||Rs.2 Crore to Rs.5 Crore|
Essentially, family partnership is akin to proprietorship. In fact, the two forms are so intermingled with each other that they cannot be differentiated from each other as these two categories are practically family concerns by virtue of the ownership and management structure. Therefore, we have lumped them together under one category, i.e. sole proprietorship. Similarly, cooperatives are lumped with company. After this, we find the following pattern of business ownership used in micro and small-scale enterprises in India.
It is seen from above that the ownership pattern in micro and small-scale enterprises in India is highly lopsided skewed in favour of sole proprietorship.
Highly Lopsided Ownership Structure
Individual research studies also report similar lopsided ownership structure skewed in favour of proprietorship enterprises is indicated by its 87% share in all. That proprietorship is the most popular form of ownership structure in small enterprises. Out of every 10 small enterprises, 9 belong to proprietorship form of business ownership. This is attributed to simplicity in their establishment. Partnership is the second largest form of ownership after proprietor.
As regards the company form of ownership, it is almost non-existent in micro and small- scale enterprises. The reason is not difficult to seek. Establishment of company form of organisation involves cumbersome and complex procedure as compared to proprietorship and partnership forms of business organization.