Meaning, Definition, Investment limit of Micro, Small and Medium enterprise

14/09/2022 0 By indiafreenotes

Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (M/o MSMEs) has issued Gazette notification to pave way for implementation of the upward revision in the definition and criteria of MSMEs in the country. The new definition and criterion will come into effect from 1st July, 2020.

After 14 years since the MSME Development Act came into existence in 2006, a revision in MSME definition was announced in the Atmnirbhar Bharat package on 13th May, 2020. As per this announcement, the definition of Micro manufacturing and services units was increased to Rs. 1 Crore of investment and Rs. 5 Crore of turnover. The limit of small unit was increased to Rs. 10 Crore of investment and Rs 50 Crore of turnover. Similarly, the limit of medium unit was increased to Rs. 20 Crore of investment and Rs. 100 Crore of turnover. The Government of India on 01.06.2020 decided for further upward revision of the MSME Definition. For medium Enterprises, now it will be Rs. 50 Crore of investment and Rs. 250 Crore of turnover.

The existing criterion of definition of MSMEs is based on the MSMED Act, 2006. It was different for manufacturing and services units. It was also very low in terms of financial limits. Since then, the economy has undergone significant changes. After the package announced on 13th May, 2020, there were several representations saying that the announced revision is still not in line with market and price conditions and hence it should be further revised upwardly. Keeping in mind these representations, Prime Minister decided to further increase the limit for medium Units. This has been done in order to be realistic with time and to establish an objective system of classification and to provide ease of doing business.

Also, a new composite formula of classification for manufacturing and service units has been notified. Now, there will be no difference between manufacturing and service sectors. Also, a new criterion of turnover is added.

Ministry officials said that the new definition will pave way for strengthening and growth of the MSMEs. Particularly, the provision of excluding the exports from counting of turnover will encourage the MSMEs to export more and more without fearing to loose the benefits of a MSME unit. This is expected to exponentially add to exports from the country leading to more growth and economic activity and creation of jobs.

The new definition applies to existing enterprises as on 30.06.2020 also. If existing enterprises are registered under Udyog Aadhaar or EM Part II, the same will be reclassified as per the new definition. The UAM registration shall remain valid only till 31.03.2021. All existing enterprises registered under UAM as on 30.06.2020 need to re-register under Udyam on or after 01.07.2020 before their UAM registration expires on 31.03.2021.

There is no particular form of legal organisation to be adopted to be eligible for benefits under the MSMED Act. Benefits under MSMED Act will be available so long as the enterprise satisfies the investment and turnover limits as above and has filed Entrepreneur’s Memorandum (EM) or Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum (UAM) or Udyam Registration. It does not matter whether the enterprise is a proprietorship or partnership firm or a limited liability partnership (LLP) or a company or Hindu undivided family (HUF).

According to Notification No. SO 1642 (E), dated 29-9-2006, an enterprise may be:

  • Proprietorship,
  • hindu undivided family,
  • association of persons,
  • co-operative society,
  • partnership firm,
  • company,
  • undertaking, or
  • any other legal entity

The term ‘any other legal entity’ used in Notification No. 1642 (E) is wide enough to cover limited liability partnership and formed and registered under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008. Even Self-Help Groups can be considered as “enterprises”.