Differences between Promotion and Transfer

26/08/2022 0 By indiafreenotes

Promotion helps employees in several ways. It provides higher status, salary, and satisfaction to existing employees, motivate employees to higher productivity and loyalty to the organisation, to retain the services of qualified and competent employees, to recognise, appreciate and reward the loyalty and efficiency of employees, to support the policy of filling higher vacancies from within the organisation, to raise employees morale and sense of belongings.

There are many types of transfers such as replacement, versatility, shift and remedial transfer. In organisations, promotions are done as horizontal, vertical and dry level.

Principles of good Promotion Policy: Rules of promotions such as qualifications, experience and other terms should be perfect and specific. Wide publicity should be given to promotion policy. Company must not follow partiality, favouritism or injustice. It should be based on scientific performance appraisal of employees and opportunity should be provided to every worker. Promotion policy should be prepared for long period and should not be forced to accept by an employee. Promotion should be given from within the same department. Grievance relating to promotion.


 There is no change in rank, responsibility and remuneration.

  • Transfer means shifting of an employee from one place to another.
  • It involves horizontal movement of the employee.
  • Transfer may be for shifting surplus staff from one factory, branch or office of the organisation to fill the job vacancies in another factory, branch or office.


  • It leads to increase in status, responsibility and remuneration.
  • It involves a vertical movement of an employee.
  • Promotion means shifting of an employee from a lower post to a higher post.
  • Promotion may be on the basis of merit or seniority of employees to fill a higher post.