Types of Risks8th May 2021 1 By indiafreenotes
Risk is the probability that actual results will differ from expected results. In the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), risk is defined as the volatility of returns. The concept of “risk and return” is that riskier assets should have higher expected returns to compensate investors for the higher volatility and increased risk.
- Reputation Risk
There has always been the risk that an unhappy customer, product failure, negative press or lawsuit can adversely impact a company’s brand reputation. However, social media has amplified the speed and scope of reputation risk. Just one negative tweet or bad review can decrease your customer following and cause revenue to plummet.
To prepare for this risk, leverage reputation management strategies to regularly monitor what others are saying about the company online and offline. Be ready to respond to those comments and help address any concerns immediately. Keep quality top of mind to avoid lawsuits and product failures that can also damage your company’s reputation.
- Operational Risk
This business risk can happen internally, externally or involve a combination of factors. Something could unexpectedly happen that causes you to lose business continuity.
That unexpected event could be a natural disaster or fire that damages or destroys your physical business. Or, it might involve a server outage caused by technical problems, people, or power cut. Many operational risks are also people-related. An employee might make mistakes that cost time and money.
Whether it’s a people or process failure, these operational risks can adversely impact your business in terms of money, time and reputation. Address each of these potential operational risks through training and a business continuity plan. Both tactics provide a way to think about what could go wrong and establish a backup system or proactive measures to ensure operations aren’t affected.
- Economic Risk
The economy is constantly changing as the markets fluctuate. Some positive changes are good for the economy, which lead to booming purchase environments, while negative events can reduce sales. It’s important to watch changes and trends to potentially identify and plan for an economic downturn.
To counteract economic risk, save as much money as possible to maintain a steady cash flow. Also, operate with a lean budget with low overhead through all economic cycles as part of your business plan.
- Compliance Risk
Business owners face an abundance of laws and regulations to comply with. For example, recent data protection and payment processing compliance could impact how you handle certain aspects of your operation. Staying well versed in applicable laws from federal agencies like the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as state and local agencies can help minimize compliance risks.
- Competition (or Comfort) Risk
While a business may be aware that there is always some competition in their industry, it’s easy to miss out on what businesses are offering that may appeal to your customers.
In this case, the business risk involves a company leader becoming so comfortable with their success and the status quo that they don’t look for ways to pivot or make continual improvements. Increasing competition combined with an unwillingness to change may result in a loss of customers.
Enterprise risk management means a company must continually reassess their performance, refine their strategy, and maintain strong, interactive relationships with their audience and customers. Additionally, it’s important to keep an eye on the competition by regularly researching how they use online and social media channels.
- Security and Fraud Risk
As more customers use online and mobile channels to share personal data, there are also greater opportunities for hacking. News stories about data breaches, identity theft and payment fraud illustrate how this type of risk is growing for businesses.
Not only does this risk impact trust and reputation, but a company is also financially liable for any data breaches or fraud. To achieve effective enterprise risk management, focus on security solutions, fraud detection tools and employee and customer education about how to detect any potential issues.
- Financial Risk
This business risk may involve credit extended to customers or your own company’s debt load. Interest rate fluctuations can also be a threat.
Making adjustments to your business plan will help you avoid harming cash flow or creating an unexpected loss. Keep debt to a minimum and create a plan that will start lowering that debt load as soon as possible. If you rely on all your income from one or two clients, your financial risk could be significant if one or both no longer use your services. Start marketing your services to diversify your base so the loss of one won’t devastate your bottom line.