Human Resource Planning25th February 2020
Human resource is the most important asset of an organization. Human resources planning are the important managerial function. It ensures the right type of people, in the right number, at the right time and place, who are trained and motivated to do the right kind of work at the right time, there is generally a shortage of suitable persons.
According to E.W. Vetter, human resource planning is “the process by which a management determines how an organization should make from its current manpower position to its desired manpower position.
Through planning a management strives to have the right number and the right kind of people at the right places, at the right time to do things which result in both the organization and the individual receiving the maximum long range benefit.”
Dale S. Beach has defined it as “a process of determining and assuring that the organization will have an adequate number of qualified persons available at the proper times, performing jobs which meet the needs of the enterprise and which provide satisfaction for the individuals involved.”
In the words of Leon C. Megginson, human resource planning is “an integration approach to performing the planning aspects of the personnel function in order to have a sufficient supply of adequately developed and motivated people to perform the duties and tasks required to meet organisational objectives and satisfy the individual’s needs and goals of organisational members.”
Features of Human Resource Planning
1. Well Defined Objectives
Enterprise’s objectives and goals in its strategic planning and operating planning may form the objectives of human resource planning. Human resource needs are planned on the basis of company’s goals. Besides, human resource planning has its own objectives like developing human resources, updating technical expertise, career planning of individual executives and people, ensuring better commitment of people and so on.
2. Determining Human Resource Reeds
Human resource plan must incorporate the human resource needs of the enterprise. The thinking will have to be done in advance so that the persons are available at a time when they are required. For this purpose, an enterprise will have to undertake recruiting, selecting and training process also.
3. Keeping Manpower Inventory
It includes the inventory of present manpower in the organization. The executive should know the persons who will be available to him for undertaking higher responsibilities in the near future.
4. Adjusting Demand and Supply
Manpower needs have to be planned well in advance as suitable persons are available in future. If sufficient persons will not be available in future then efforts should be .made to start recruitment process well in advance. The demand and supply of personnel should be planned in advance.
5. Creating Proper Work Environment
Besides estimating and employing personnel, human resource planning also ensures that working conditions are created. Employees should like to work in the organization and they should get proper job satisfaction.
Though, HR Planning may sound quite simple a process of managing the numbers in terms of human resource requirement of the organization, yet, the actual activity may involve the HR manager to face many roadblocks owing to the effect of the current workforce in the organization, pressure to meet the business objectives and prevailing workforce market condition. HR Planning, thus, help the organization in many ways as follows:
- HR managers are in a stage of anticipating the workforce requirements rather than getting surprised by the change of events
- Prevent the business from falling into the trap of shifting workforce market, a common concern among all industries and sectors
- Work proactively as the expansion in the workforce market is not always in conjunction with the workforce requirement of the organization in terms of professional experience, talent needs, skills, etc.
- Organizations in growth phase may face the challenge of meeting the need for critical set of skills, competencies and talent to meet their strategic objectives so they can stand well-prepared to meet the HR needs
- Considering the organizational goals, HR Planning allows the identification, selection and development of required talent or competency within the organization.
It is, therefore, suitable on the part of the organization to opt for HR Planning to prevent any unnecessary hurdles in its workforce needs. An HR Consulting Firm can provide the organization with a comprehensive HR assessment and planning to meet its future requirements in the most cost-effective and timely manner.
An HR Planning process simply involves the following four broad steps:
- Current HR Supply: Assessment of the current human resource availability in the organization is the foremost step in HR Planning. It includes a comprehensive study of the human resource strength of the organization in terms of numbers, skills, talents, competencies, qualifications, experience, age, tenures, performance ratings, designations, grades, compensations, benefits, etc. At this stage, the consultants may conduct extensive interviews with the managers to understand the critical HR issues they face and workforce capabilities they consider basic or crucial for various business processes.
- Future HR Demand: Analysis of the future workforce requirements of the business is the second step in HR Planning. All the known HR variables like attrition, lay-offs, foreseeable vacancies, retirements, promotions, pre-set transfers, etc. are taken into consideration while determining future HR demand. Further, certain unknown workforce variables like competitive factors, resignations, abrupt transfers or dismissals are also included in the scope of analysis.
- Demand Forecast: Next step is to match the current supply with the future demand of HR, and create a demand forecast. Here, it is also essential to understand the business strategy and objectives in the long run so that the workforce demand forecast is such that it is aligned to the organizational goals.
- HR Sourcing Strategy and Implementation: After reviewing the gaps in the HR supply and demand, the HR Consulting Firm develops plans to meet these gaps as per the demand forecast created by them. This may include conducting communication programs with employees, relocation, talent acquisition, recruitment and outsourcing, talent management, training and coaching, and revision of policies. The plans are, then, implemented taking into confidence the mangers so as to make the process of execution smooth and efficient. Here, it is important to note that all the regulatory and legal compliances are being followed by the consultants to prevent any untoward situation coming from the employees.
Objectives of Human Resource Planning
The objectives of HR planning are as follows:
- Provide Information
The information obtained through HRP is highly important for identifying surplus and unutilized human resources. It also renders a comprehensive skill inventory, which facilitates decision making, like, in promotions. In this way HRP provides information which can be used for other management functions.
- Effective Utilization of Human Resource:
Planning for human resources is the main responsibility of management to ensure effective utilization of present and future manpower. Manpower planning is complementary to organization planning.
- Economic Development
At the national level, manpower planning is required for economic development. It is particularly helpful in the creating employment in educational reforms and in geographical mobility of talent.
- Determine Manpower Gap
Manpower planning examine the gaps in existing manpower so that suitable training programmes may be developed for building specific skills, required in future.
- To forecast Human Resource Requirements
HRP to determine the future human resource needed in an organization. In the absence of such a plan, it would be difficult to have the services of the right kind of people at the right time.
- Analyze Current Workforce
HRP volunteers to assist in analyzing the competency of present workforce. It determines the current workforce strengths and abilities.
- Effective Management of Change
Proper HR planning aims at coping with severed changes in market conditions, technology products and government regulations in an effective way. These changes call for continuous allocation or reallocation of skills evidently in the absence of planning there might be underutilization of human resource.
- Realizing Organizational Goals
HRP helps the organization in its effectively meeting the needs of expansion, diversification and other growth strategies.
Importance of Human Resource Planning
After the need for HRP, it is apt to discuss the importance of it. A few are mentioned below.
- It gives the company the right kind of workforce at the right time frame and in right figures.
- In striking a balance between demand-for and supply-of resources, HRP helps in the optimum usage of resources and also in reducing the labor cost.
- Cautiously forecasting the future helps to supervise manpower in a better way, thus pitfalls can be avoided.
- It helps the organization to develop a succession plan for all its employees. In this way, it creates a way for internal promotions.
- It compels the organization to evaluate the weaknesses and strengths of personnel thereby making the management to take remedial measures.
- The organization as a whole is benefited when it comes to increase in productivity, profit, skills, etc., thus giving an edge over its competitors.