Investing in Real Estate

16/05/2020 0 By indiafreenotes

There are hundreds of people around who can share their property investment ideas with us. Almost everyone, at some stage in their life, has experienced a property dealing. 

Bottom of Form

We’ve seen our parents, elder siblings etc buy a property. It has enriched our knowledge. Even listening about property dealing from friends also adds to our knowledge base. But nothing is more valuable than self indulgence.

Which are those deeper insights about property investment which experienced buyers use as their guide? How a beginner can invest in real estate in India as a pro?

This is what we are going to discuss in this article. But before that, lets’ refresh some basics about the property market in India.

Rich and wealthy invest in real estate directly. They own multiple residential or commercial properties. Steady and decent capital appreciation of their real estate property is common.

But the part which makes property investment so dear is its capability of generating stable short term income. The short term income is generated in form of “monthly rents“. 

The rate at which the rental income grows, generally beats inflation in long term. This is specially true for Metro, Tier1, and Tier 2 Cities. As the monthly yield of property grows, this also pushes the overall property price up. 

What is shown in the above infographic? Real estate investment generates assured returns. The returns are in form of rent and capital appreciation.

The rental yield (fixed income) grows with time. Generally this growth keeps pace with the inflation. Capital appreciation will happen due to demand growth. India being a growing and young population, demand for property keeps rising.

This dual effect (of assured rent and value growth) makes the real estate sector generate unparalleled returns, unlike any other asset.

Property investment is one of the best inflation hedge. This is the reason why big investors like Robert Kiyosaki and Donald Trump has special liking for it.

Tread With Caution

Why? Because, except for few Indian cities, real estate market has not really matured in India? Why I say so? Because we still see random development of properties in majority cities in India. 

A good real estate property must be developed, sold, and maintained as per a master plan incorporating all facilities.

Unless property has a master plan, its long term value appreciation is doubtful. In most cases, value of such properties depreciates with time.

The problem is, most of the properties are by either unplanned or are developed by below-par developers. This makes real estate investing in India slightly risky.

for a beginner, it is essential to know what to look at in a property. Investing in real estate cannot be done just on basis of aesthetics. Proportional weightage must be given to at least 14 parameters listed below:


  • Affordability: If one’s affordability is Rs.35 Lakhs, and the property on offer is costing Rs.40 Lakhs, it is clearly not affordable. This is one reason why affordability calculation in step #1 is essential before making a commitment.


  • Location: Property investment must be done in a location which is known to the investor. Investing in an unknown city/town shall be avoided. Location of property within the city is also important. A property which has schools, markets, hospitals nearby is preferable.
  • Transportation: Approach road is important. If there is a broad and paved road connecting the property, it’s a big thumbs up. Public transport connectivity like metro, bus depot, auto rickshaw stand, Ola/Uber connectivity also adds to the value.
  • Negatives: Special attention must be given to the drawbacks of the property. Typical ones can be like busy roads, too close to railway station or airport, traffic noise, remote location, old society etc. These factors cause hardships & also lowers the quality of life of the residents.


  • Type of House: If the preference is a row house, multi-storeyed apartment will not work and vice versa. Before venturing out for property search, type of house must be finalised.
  • New or Used: Second hand homes can be great value for money. They have an advantage of ready possession and established locality. They may also have pre-built facilities like internet, heaters, wood work, modular kitchens etc. But a new property also comes with its own advantages.
  • Number of bedroom: For a small family, even a studio apartment is enough. For others, requirement may range from 1/2BHK to higher size flats. I personally like evaluating property first on basis of their size (in SQFT), and then on the number of bedrooms it can offer.
  • Open Floor: There are some properties which has slots & pockets for wardrobes, cabinets, fridge etc. Such homes offer better ‘open floor space management’ after the furnitures are put in place. Generally speaking, a house must be able to accommodate your special furnitures (like over , bicycle, pram etc).
  • Parking: If you own a car, two wheeler etc the property must offer an adequate parking facility.

Other Features

  • Communication: If the property has facilities already laid for services like cable TV and broadband etc, it can save few bucks. Generally speaking, look for mobile & internet connectivity in the area. There are some areas which has inherently poor mobile network connectivity.
  • Extension: Over a period of time, owners like to extend their living space. Properties which has provisions for extension may prove handy in times to come.
  • Gardening: For some, building a hanging garden in their balcony is a big plus. If you are looking for a row house, check if the open space provides the possibility of gardening. Property with such provisions becomes desirable.
  • Present Condition: Check the ‘built condition’ of the property. If it is a new property, no problem. But in a second hand house, rework or repairs may be required. Being aware of this extra cost before taking the possession is advisable.
  • Condition on Outside: Apartment may be good from inside, but the outside building is equally good? Make sure to check the property from outside. Scan the painting, cracks, seepage, loose wirings, encroachments, quality of parking etc.
  • Security: These days the societies are plagued with random thefts and pilferages. Make sure to check if the property has a dedicated security protection.