Types of Entrepreneurs14/09/2022 0 By indiafreenotes
(i) Imitating Entrepreneurs: These entrepreneurs are people who follow the path shown by innovative entrepreneurs. They imitate innovative entrepreneurs because the environment in which they operate is such that it does not permit them to have creative and innovative ideas on their own. In our country also, a large number of such entrepreneurs are found in every field of business activity. Development of small shopping complexes is the work of imitating entrepreneurs. All the small car manufacturers now are the imitating entrepreneurs.
(ii) Innovative Entrepreneurs: These entrepreneurs have the ability to think newer, better and more economical ideas of business organisation and management. They are the business leaders and contributors to the economic development of a country. Inventions like the introduction of a small car ‘Nano’ by Ratan Tata, organised retailing by Kishore Biyani, making mobile phones available to the common man by Anil Ambani are the works of innovative entrepreneurs.
(iii) Fabian Entrepreneurs: Fabian entrepreneurs are those individuals who do not show initiative in visualising and implementing new ideas and innovations. On the contrary, they like to wait for some development, which would motivate them to initiate unless there is an imminent threat to their very existence.
Meaning of ‘Fabian’: He/she is ‘a person seeking victory by delay rather than by a decisive battle’ & ‘Drone’ is ‘a person who lives on the labour of others’
(iv) Social Entrepreneurs: Social entrepreneurs drive social innovation and transformation in various fields including education, health, human rights, workers’ rights, environment and enterprise development. Dr. Mohammed Yunus of Bangladesh who started Gramin Bank is a case of social entrepreneur.
(v) Drone Entrepreneurs: Drone entrepreneurs are those individuals who are satisfied with the existing mode and speed of business activity and show no inclination in gaining market leadership. In other words, drone entrepreneurs are ‘die-hard conservatives’ and even ready to suffer the loss of business.
(vi) Agricultural Entrepreneur: The entrepreneurs who undertake agricultural pursuits are called Agricultural Entrepreneurs. They cover a wide spectrum of agricultural activities like cultivation, marketing of agricultural produce, irrigation, mechanization and technology.
(vii) Trading Entrepreneur: As the name itself suggests, the trading entrepreneur undertakes the trading activities. He/she procures the finished products from the manufacturers and sells these to the customers directly or through a retailer. These serve as the middlemen as wholesalers, dealers, and retailers between the manufacturers and customers.
(ix) Women Entrepreneurs: Women entrepreneurship is defined as the enterprises owned and controlled by a woman/women having a minimum financial stake of 51 per cent of the capital and giving at least 51 per cent of employment generated in the enterprises to women.
(x) Inventors & Challenger Entrepreneurs: Inventor entrepreneurs with their competence and inventiveness invent new products. Their basic interest lies in research and innovative activities & Challenger entrepreneurs plunge into industry because of the challenges it presents. When one challenge seems to be met, they begin to look for new challenges.
(viii) Manufacturing Entrepreneur: The manufacturing entrepreneurs manufacture products. They identify the needs of the customers and, then, explore the resources and technology to be used to manufacture the products to satisfy the customers’ needs.
(xi) Life-Timer Entrepreneurs: These entrepreneurs take business as an integral part to their life. Usually, the family enterprise and businesses which mainly depend on exercise of personal skill fall in this type/category of entrepreneurs.