Characteristics of rural consumers, Problems, Difficulties and Challenges in rural marketing

15/03/2023 0 By indiafreenotes

Rural consumers are individuals or households living in rural areas, which are typically less densely populated and located outside of urban centers. Rural consumers have specific needs and characteristics that differ from those of urban consumers. For example, they may rely more heavily on agriculture and farming for their livelihoods, have lower levels of income and education, and have limited access to modern technology and infrastructure. Rural consumers also tend to have strong community ties and may be influenced by word-of-mouth recommendations. Marketers targeting rural consumers must take these unique characteristics into account and develop marketing strategies that are tailored to their needs and preferences.

Characteristics of rural consumers:

  1. Low literacy levels: Rural consumers generally have lower levels of literacy and education than their urban counterparts.
  2. Low income levels: Rural consumers have lower incomes and therefore have limited purchasing power.
  3. Traditional beliefs and practices: Rural consumers often hold traditional beliefs and practices that influence their buying behavior.
  4. Strong community ties: Rural consumers have strong community ties and are often influenced by word-of-mouth recommendations.
  5. Dependence on agriculture: Rural consumers are often dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, which affects their buying behavior.
  6. Lack of access to modern technology: Rural consumers have limited access to modern technology, including the internet and smartphones, which affects their ability to access information about products and services.

Problems, Difficulties and challenges in rural marketing:

  1. Lack of infrastructure: Rural areas often lack basic infrastructure like roads, electricity, and water supply, which makes it difficult for marketers to reach consumers.
  2. Limited distribution channels: Distribution channels in rural areas are often limited, making it difficult for marketers to reach consumers.
  3. Low levels of literacy: As mentioned earlier, rural consumers have low levels of literacy, which makes it difficult for them to understand and respond to marketing messages.
  4. Seasonal demand: Rural demand for products and services is often seasonal, which creates challenges for marketers in terms of inventory management and cash flow.
  5. Diverse languages and cultures: Rural areas are often home to diverse languages and cultures, which makes it difficult for marketers to create marketing messages that resonate with all consumers.
  6. Low purchasing power: Rural consumers have limited purchasing power, which means that marketers must price their products and services accordingly.
  7. Lack of trust: Rural consumers are often skeptical of new products and services, which makes it difficult for marketers to build trust and credibility.
  8. Lack of credit facilities: Rural consumers often lack access to credit facilities, which makes it difficult for them to purchase high-value items.