Types and Registration of Prospectus10/10/2022 0 By indiafreenotes
It means a formal document that a Public Company issues to invite offers from public for subscribing its shares. It includes all the material information related to shares that a Company offers to the public. Furthermore, it usually help the investors to take investment decisions.
The company provides prospectus with capital raising intention. Prospectus helps the investors to make a well-informed decision because of the prospectus all the required information of the securities which are offered to the public for sale.
Whenever the company issues the prospectus, the company must file it with the regulator. The prospectus includes the details of the company’s business, financial statements.
- To notify the public of the issue.
- To put the company on record with regards to the terms of the issue and allotment process.
- To establish accountability on the part of the directors and promoters of the company.
Types of prospectus
According to Companies Act 2013, there are four types of prospectus.
Deemed Prospectus: Deemed prospectus has mentioned under Companies Act, 2013 Section 25 (1). When a company allows or agrees to allot any securities of the company, the document is considered as a deemed prospectus via which the offer is made to investors. Any document which offers the sale of securities to the public is deemed to be a prospectus by implication of law.
Shelf prospectus: Shelf prospectus is stated under section 31 of the Companies Act, 2013. Shelf prospectus is issued when a company or any public financial institution offers one or more securities to the public. A company shall provide a validity period of the prospectus, which should not be more than one year. The validity period starts with the commencement of the first offer. There is no need for a prospectus on further offers. The organization must provide an information memorandum when filing the shelf prospectus.
Red Herring Prospectus: Red herring prospectus does not contain all information about the prices of securities offered and the number of securities to be issued. According to the act, the firm should issue this prospectus to the registrar at least three before the opening of the offer and subscription list.
Abridged Prospectus: Abridged prospectus is a memorandum, containing all salient features of the prospectus as specified by SEBI. This type of prospectus includes all the information in brief, which gives a summary to the investor to make further decisions. A company cannot issue an application form for the purchase of securities unless an abridged prospectus accompanies such a form.
Registration of Prospectus
(1) No prospectus shall be issued by or on behalf of a company or in relation to an intended company unless, on or before the date of its publication, there has been delivered to the Registrar for registration a copy thereof signed by every person who is named therein as a director or proposed director of the company or by his agent authorized in writing, and having endorsed thereon or attached thereto:
(a) Any consent to the issue of the prospectus required by section 58 from any person as an expert; and
(b) In the case of a prospectus issued generally, also:
(i) a copy of every contract required by clause 16 of Schedule II to be specified in the prospectus, or, in the case of a contract not reduced into writing, a memorandum giving full particulars thereof ; and
(ii) Where the persons making any report required by Part II of that Schedule have made therein, or have, without giving the reasons, indicated therein, any such adjustments as are mentioned in clause 32 of that Schedule, a written statement signed by those persons setting out the adjustments and giving the reasons therefor.
(2) Every prospectus to which sub-section (1) applies shall, on the face of it,
(a) State that a copy has been delivered for registration as required by this section ; and
(b) Specify any documents required by this section to be endorsed on or attached to the copy so delivered, or refer to statements included in the prospectus which specify those documents.
(3) The Registrar shall not register a prospectus unless the requirements of sections 55, 56, 57 and 58 and sub-sections (1) and (2) of this section have been complied with and the prospectus is accompanied by the consent in writing of the person, if any, named therein as the auditor, legal adviser, attorney, solicitor, banker or broker of the company or intended company, to act in that capacity.
(4) No prospectus shall be issued more than ninety days after the date on which a copy thereof is delivered for registration, and if a prospectus is so issued, it shall be deemed to be a prospectus a copy of which has not been delivered under this section to the Registrar.
(5) If a prospectus is issued without a copy thereof being delivered under this section to the Registrar or without the copy so delivered having endorsed thereon or attached thereto the required consent or documents, the company, and every person who is knowingly a party to the issue of the prospectus, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees.