Transaction Value: Meaning and Conditions for Transaction value, Inclusive transaction value, and Exclusive discount excluded from transaction value

03/12/2023 2 By indiafreenotes

The transaction value is a fundamental concept used for determining the taxable value on which GST is calculated. It is the price actually paid or payable for the supply of goods or services when the buyer and seller are not related, and the price is the sole consideration for the supply. Let’s explore the meaning of transaction value and the conditions that govern its determination.

Understanding transaction value and its conditions is essential for businesses to accurately determine the taxable value and comply with GST regulations. The concept of inclusive transaction value and the treatment of certain discounts provide clarity on how to calculate the GST amount correctly. Staying informed about updates to the GST framework and seeking professional advice are essential for businesses to effectively manage their tax obligations related to transaction value.

Transaction value is defined under Section 15 of the CGST (Central Goods and Services Tax) Act, 2017. According to this section, the transaction value is the price actually paid or payable for the supply of goods or services where the supplier and the recipient are not related and the price is the sole consideration for the supply.

Conditions for Transaction Value:

Several conditions must be satisfied for the transaction value to be accepted as the taxable value:

  1. Supply of Goods or Services:

Transaction value applies to the supply of both goods and services. It is the value on which GST is calculated.

  1. Unrelated Parties:

The buyer and seller must not be related. Related parties include family members, employees, partners, and other individuals or entities with a relationship that may influence the price.

  1. Sole Consideration:

The price paid or payable must be the sole consideration for the supply. In other words, there should not be any additional consideration or side agreements that influence the value.

Inclusive Transaction Value:

Inclusive transaction value refers to the situation where the transaction value includes the GST amount. In such cases, the GST is included in the total amount paid by the recipient to the supplier. The formula for calculating the inclusive transaction value is as follows:

Inclusive Transaction Value = Transaction Value​ / (1+GST Rate)

Exclusive Discount Excluded from Transaction Value:

Under GST, certain discounts are allowed and excluded from the transaction value for the purpose of calculating GST. These discounts include:

  1. Trade Discounts:

Reduction in the list price of goods by the supplier for the buyer based on an agreement.

  1. Quantity Discounts:

Discounts provided based on the quantity of goods purchased. As the quantity increases, the per-unit price decreases.

  1. Promotional Discounts:

Discounts offered as part of a promotional campaign or marketing strategy.

These discounts are allowed, provided they satisfy the following conditions:

  • Trade Discounts: Deductible if given before or at the time of supply.
  • Post-Supply Discounts: Deductible if known at or before the time of supply, agreed upon, and can be linked to relevant invoices.
  • Credit Note: Discounts given after supply can be adjusted through credit notes.