Role of SEBI in the protection of investor interests

3rd July 2022 0 By indiafreenotes

An investor is one, may be an individual or a legal entity who invests capital in the venture or business but does not participate actively in the day to day management/ affairs of the business.

Following are the powers of SEBI to take punitive or preventive measures:

a) Power to issue directions under Sec. 11B and Sec. 11(4)

b) Power u/s 12(3) under Chapter V for suspension or cancellation of certificate of registration of brokers or intermediaries.

c) Power to levy monetary penalties under Chapter VIA of SEBI Act.

d) Powers are also described for Inquiry/ Enquiry/ Investigation, for violations like Insider Trading, Takeover Violations, etc. e) Power to Prosecute u/s 24(1) of SEBI Act.

SEBI has given out various methods and measures to ensure the investor protection from time to time. It has published various directives, driven many investor awareness programmes, set up investor protection Fund (IPF) to compensate the investors. We will look into the investor protection measures by SEBI in detail:

  • To begin with, SEBI constructs the limit of financial backers through instruction and attention to empower a financial backer to take educated choices. SEBI tries to guarantee that the financial backer gets the hang of contributing. In simpler words, SEBI ensures that the investor gets and utilizes data needed for contributing and assesses different speculation alternatives to suit his particular objectives.
  • SEBI has been putting together financial backer schooling and mindfulness workshops through financial backer affiliations and market members, and has been urging market members to sort out comparable projects.
  • It helps the investor find out his privileges and commitments in a specific venture, bargains through enlisted mediators, plays it safe, looks for help if there should be an occurrence of any complaint, and so on.

SEBI that it has adopted a major transition from Investor Protection to Investor Empowerment as past experiences hinted that this transition along with imparting proper education at both micro and macro levels will serve the purpose of SEBI and Investors both. And what SEBI does is answering the queries by E-mails, personal visits to head offices, and apart from it, the investors FAQs are also displayed on its website, and all this points out that, “An educated investor is a protected investor”. The task of this awareness generation is on IAD of SEBI, and based on SEBI Act in July 23, 2007, a fund entitled “Investor Protection and Education Fund” was established with initial corpus of Rs. 10 Cr from SEBI General Fund for educating investors and for executing such other related activities. It has even embarked on a mass media campaign aiming at dissemination of relevant messages to public about the harmfulness of investing in an unregistered scheme like CIS, Ponzi Schemes, etc. by offering messages like ‘not to rely on schemes offering unrealistic returns’, and such kind of messages are sent through a campaign consisting of many languages and in consonance and partnership with various institutions like ICAI, ICSI, AMFI, etc. SEBI initiated financial education programs utilizing Resource Persons, and have till now addressed people from different backgrounds like School Children, young investors, executives, home makers, retired people and SHGs. SEBI in a summarized manner has taken the following policy initiatives for investors protection:

a) Introducing system driven disclosures.

b) Strengthening continuous disclosure requirements for listed companies.

c) Providing an exit opportunity to investors in case of change of objects by issuers.

d) Monitoring of compliances by listed companies.

e) Cyber Security and Cyber Resilience framework for stock exchanges.

f) Filing of monthly reports by Clearing Corporations with SEBI.

g) Aadhar base e-KYC.

h) Surveillance of Stock Exchanges and various financial market and other intermediaries