# Perform statistical operations by using the COUNTIF function

01/01/2022

Use COUNTIF, one of the statistical functions, to count the number of cells that meet a criterion; for example, to count the number of times a particular city appears in a customer list.

In its simplest form, COUNTIF says:

=COUNTIF(Where do you want to look?, What do you want to look for?)

For example:

• =COUNTIF(A2:A5,”London”)
• =COUNTIF(A2:A5,A4)

To use these examples in Excel, copy the data in the table below, and paste it in cell A1 of a new worksheet.

 Data Data apples 32 oranges 54 peaches 75 apples 86 Formula Description =COUNTIF(A2:A5,”apples”) Counts the number of cells with apples in cells A2 through A5. The result is 2. =COUNTIF(A2:A5,A4) Counts the number of cells with peaches (the value in A4) in cells A2 through A5. The result is 1. =COUNTIF(A2:A5,A2)+COUNTIF(A2:A5,A3) Counts the number of apples (the value in A2), and oranges (the value in A3) in cells A2 through A5. The result is 3. This formula uses COUNTIF twice to specify multiple criteria, one criteria per expression. You could also use the COUNTIFS function. =COUNTIF(B2:B5,”>55″) Counts the number of cells with a value greater than 55 in cells B2 through B5. The result is 2. =COUNTIF(B2:B5,”<>”&B4) Counts the number of cells with a value not equal to 75 in cells B2 through B5. The ampersand (&) merges the comparison operator for not equal to (<>) and the value in B4 to read =COUNTIF(B2:B5,”<>75″). The result is 3. =COUNTIF(B2:B5,”>=32″)-COUNTIF(B2:B5,”>85″) Counts the number of cells with a value greater than (>) or equal to (=) 32 and less than (<) or equal to (=) 85 in cells B2 through B5. The result is 3. =COUNTIF(A2:A5,”*”) Counts the number of cells containing any text in cells A2 through A5. The asterisk (*) is used as the wildcard character to match any character. The result is 4. =COUNTIF(A2:A5,”?????es”) Counts the number of cells that have exactly 7 characters, and end with the letters “es” in cells A2 through A5. The question mark (?) is used as the wildcard character to match individual characters. The result is 2.