Need of availing of financial services from Banks, Insurance companies and Postal services

02/01/2022 0 By indiafreenotes

Financial Inclusion is described as the method of offering banking and financial solutions and services to every individual in the society without any form of discrimination. It primarily aims to include everybody in the society by giving them basic financial services without looking at a person’s income or savings. Financial inclusion chiefly focuses on providing reliable financial solutions to the economically underprivileged sections of the society without having any unfair treatment. It intends to provide financial solutions without any signs of inequality. It is also committed to being transparent while offering financial assistance without any hidden transactions or costs.

Financial inclusion wants everybody in the society to be involved and participate in financial management judiciously. There are many poor households in India that do not have any access to financial services in the country. They are not aware of banks and their functions. Even if they are aware of banks, many of the poor people do not have the access to get services from banks.

They may not meet minimum eligibility criteria laid by banks and hence, they will not be able to secure a bank’s services. Banks have requirements such as minimum income, minimum credit score, age criteria, and minimum years of work experience. A bank will provide a deposit or a loan to an applicant only if he or she meets these criteria. Many of the poor people may be unemployed without any previous employment record due to lack of education, lack of resources, lack of money, etc.

These economically underprivileged people of the society may also not have proper documents to provide to the banks for verification of identity or income. Every bank has certain mandatory documents that need to be furnished during a loan application process or during a bank account creation process. Many of these people do not have knowledge about the importance of these documents. They also do not have access to apply for government-sanctioned documents.

  • The RBI instructed every bank to have Basic Saving Bank Deposits (BDSD) accounts for the economically weaker sections of the society. These are no-frill accounts where account holders do not have to maintain any minimum balance or minimum deposit. These account holders can withdraw cash at any ATM or at the bank branch. They should also be given the opportunity to make use of electronic payment channels for receiving and transferring money to others.
  • The RBI also asked banks to have simple Know Your Client (KYC) regulations for the less fortunate people of the society. There are many people in rural areas who are unable to open bank accounts due to strict KYC norms. Hence, the RBI wants banks to have simplified KYC requirements particularly if a low-income individual is interested in opening a bank account with an amount not above Rs.50,000. It also wants minimal KYC norms if the overall credit in the accounts does not go above Rs.1 lakh for 1 year. Recently, banks have been asked to accept Aadhaar Card as identity proof as well as address proof since most people belonging to low-income groups have made Aadhaar card in their names.
  • Keeping in mind about the lack of bank branches in rural areas, the RBI has asked all banking institutions to open more and more branches in villages across the nation in order to provide good banking services to the villagers. There are many remote villages where there are no banks and also no good transportation services. It is very difficult for residents of these areas to commute to a far-off bank branch for availing banking services. Hence, with the compulsory rule of the RBI, banks are distributing the ratio of banks in villages and cities to have a balance.

Insurance companies

Insurance plans are beneficial to anyone looking to protect their family, assets/property and themselves from financial risk/losses:

Insurance plans will help you pay for medical emergencies, hospitalisation, contraction of any illnesses and treatment, and medical care required in the future.

The financial loss to the family due to the unfortunate death of the sole earner can be covered by insurance plans. The family can also repay any debts like home loans or other debts which the person insured may have incurred in his/her lifetime

Insurance plans will help your family maintain their standard of living in case you are not around in the future. This will help them cover the costs of running the household through the insurance lump sum payout. The insurance money will give your family some much-needed breathing space along with coverage for all expenditure in case of death/accident/medical emergency of the policyholder

Insurance plans will help in protecting the future of your child in terms of his/her education. They will make sure that your children are financially secured while pursuing their dreams and ambitions without any compromises, even when you are not around

Many insurance plans come with savings and investment schemes along with regular coverage. These help in building wealth/savings for the future through regular investments. You pay premiums regularly and a portion of the same goes towards life coverage while the other portion goes towards either a savings plan or investment plan, whichever you choose based on your future goals and needs

Insurance helps protect your home in the event of any unforeseen calamity or damage. Your home insurance plan will help you get coverage for damages to your home and pay for the cost of repairs or rebuilding, whichever is needed. If you have coverage for valuables and items inside the house, then you can purchase replacement items with the insurance money

Types of Insurance

There are several types of insurance plans available. Some of the commonly preferred ones include the following:

Health insurance:

This is purchased for covering medical expenses revolving around various health issues, including hospitalisation, treatments and so on. These insurance plans come in handy in case of medical emergencies; you can also avail of cashless facility across network hospitals of the insurer.

Life insurance:

Life insurance is what you can avail in order to safeguard your family in case of your death during the tenor of the policy. The most basic form of life insurance available to buyers is term insurance. Life insurance helps secure your family financially with a lump sum amount that is paid out in the event of the policy holder’s death within the policy period.

Home insurance:

These insurance plans cover any damages to the home on account of accidents, mishaps and natural calamities, among other such events.

Child Plans:

These insurance policies are savings instruments that help in generating lump sum funds whenever children reach a certain age for pursuing higher studies. In these plans, the life assured is that of the child or the recipient of the funds while the parents are the policy owners.

Auto Insurance:

These are insurance plans for vehicles, including cars and bikes. These offer protection against natural calamities, damages to third parties (people who have incurred losses or been hurt in an accident with the policyholder’s vehicle) and also damages to the vehicle along with mishaps and accidents

Insurance is thus the need of the hour in today’s uncertain times evaluate your financial situation to choose a plan best suited to your future financial needs

Postal Services

Sending domestic money order using post is old story. Now you can send money to foreign country using post. This outward remittance money will be credited in to the bank account of beneficiaries in foreign country. Maximum limit of outward remittance is 5000 USD. Maximum 12 outwards remittances are allowed per year. This facility is known as MO Videsh.

Postal Life Insurance

You can purchase postal life insurance using post office. Premium of postal life insurance is very low compare to private insurance companies. Regular postal life insurance provides risk coverage from 20 thousand to 50 Lac.

Mutual Fund Investment

You may be surprised to hear those Post offices are also involved in selling mutual funds. Only few selected mutual funds schemes are available for investment through post office. Principal, SBI, UTI, Franklin Templeton and Reliance Mutual are some of them. Post office is providing this service in association with IDBI bank.


Some selected post office also offers ATM services. You can withdraw cash or carry out money transfer using this ATM services. Postal department is issuing separate ATM card to customer for these services. Postal department is planning to extend this facility to every city.

Small Saving Schemes

You can also invest in small saving schemes using post office. NSC, MIS and Sukanya Samrriddhi Account are most popular small saving investment option offered by post office.

Payment Bank

Indian post office converted in to payment bank in 2017, the government of India has in principally approved this proposal. This bank act as payment bank means you can deposit money in this bank you can not avail loan facility.

Common Services

Indian Post office is also thinking to open common service center. You will be able to avail services like applying for Aadhar card, birth certificate, mutual funds investment etc.