Euro Bond Market (Deposit, Loan, Notes Market), Types of Euro Bonds

11/12/2021 0 By indiafreenotes

The Eurobond market is made up of investors, banks, borrowers, and trading agents that buy, sell, and transfer Eurobonds. Eurobonds are a special kind of bond issued by European governments and companies, but often denominated in non-European currencies such as dollars and yen. They are also issued by international bodies such as the World Bank. The creation of the unified European currency, the euro, has stimulated strong interest in euro-denominated bonds as well; however, some observers warn that new European Union tax harmonization policies may lessen the bonds’ appeal.

Eurobonds are unique and complex instruments of relatively recent origin. They debuted in 1963, but didn’t gain international significance until the early 1980s. Since then, they have become a large and active component of international finance. Similar to foreign bonds, but with important differences, Eurobonds became popular with issuers and investors because they could offer certain tax shelters and anonymity to their buyers. They could also offer borrowers favourable interest rates and international exchange rates.

Notes Market

The primary objective of the issuance of Euro notes is to structure a debt instrument with short term maturities, generally 3, 6 or 9 months, tenors (duration) and place it in the market. However, the borrowing programme could be for medium or long term (say), 5-7 years or more. Banks that act as financial Market intermediaries agree to underwrite the paper (instrument). In reality, a borrower is able to borrow at short-term interest rates for short periods by issuing the “notes” ‘to investors. At the same time the borrower avails of the benefits and comfort of having a committed medium to long tern borrowing facility (underwritten by banks). The funding portion is divided into two separate components. The first, is a long term committed standby lending facility provided by banks. The second is a mechanism for the distribution of short-term debt instruments (the Euro note). The former component gives the borrower the long term assurance of availability of funds. The latter is the means by which cost-competitive funding can be achieved (since at any specific time, short term funding is usually cheaper than medium-long term funding).

Types of Euro Bonds

Straight Bond: Bond is one having a specified interest coupon and a specified maturity date. Straight bonds may issue with a floating rate of interest. Such bonds may have their interest rate fixed at six-month intervals of a stated margin over the LIBOR for deposits in the currency of the bond. So, in the case of a Eurodollar bond, the interest rate may base upon LIBOR for Eurodollar deposits.

Convertible Eurobond: The Eurobond is a bond having a specified interest coupon and maturity date. But, it includes an option for the hold to convert its bonds into an equity share of the company at a conversion price set at the time of issue.

Medium-term Eurobond: Medium-term Euro notes are shorter-term Eurobonds with maturities ranging from three to eight years. Their issuing procedure is less formal than for large bonds. Interest rates on Euro notes can fix or variable. Medium-term Euro-notes are similar to medium-term roll-over Eurodollar credits. The difference is that in the Eurodollar market lenders hold a claim on a bank and not directly on the borrower.

Benefits to Investors

The main benefit to local investors in purchasing a Eurobond is that it provides exposure to foreign investments staying in the home country. It also gives a sense of diversification, spreading out the risks.

As mentioned previously, Eurobonds are pretty cheap, with a small face value and are highly liquid.

If a Eurobond is denominated in a foreign currency and issued in a country with a strong economy (and currency), then the bond liquidity rises.

Benefits to Issuers

A list of benefits to Eurobond issuers consists of the following:

  • A country choice with lower interest rates.
  • Flexibility to choose a favorable country to originate bonds and currency.
  • Avoidance of currency risk or forex risk by using Eurobonds.
  • International bond trade despite being issued in a certain country that broadens potential investor base.
  • Access to a huge range of bond maturity periods that can be chosen by the issuer.