Balance Sheet & Other comprehensive Income Statement as per Ind-As 118/11/2023 0 By indiafreenotes
Ind AS 1, Presentation of Financial Statements, provides guidance on the presentation of financial statements, including the balance sheet (statement of financial position) and the statement of profit and loss (comprehensive income statement) for entities applying Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS).
Balance Sheet (Statement of Financial Position):
- The balance sheet presents an entity’s financial position as of a specific date, showing its assets, liabilities, and equity.
- The standard does not prescribe a specific format, but it generally follows the classification between current and non-current assets and liabilities.
- Current Assets: Assets expected to be realized or consumed within one year.
- Non-Current Assets: Assets with a longer-term nature (e.g., property, plant, and equipment, intangible assets).
- Current Liabilities: Obligations expected to be settled within one year.
- Non-Current Liabilities: Obligations with a longer-term maturity.
- Equity represents the residual interest in the assets of the entity after deducting liabilities.
- Components may include share capital, retained earnings, and other comprehensive income.
- Assets and liabilities are generally presented in order of liquidity (how quickly they can be converted to cash or settled).
- Equity is presented separately, and the components of equity are disclosed.
- The balance sheet should include comparative information for the preceding period, allowing users to analyze changes in financial position.
Statement of Profit and Loss (Comprehensive Income Statement):
- The statement of profit and loss presents the entity’s financial performance over a specified period.
- It includes the results of operating activities, financing activities, and investing activities.
- Inflows of economic benefits arising from the ordinary operating activities of the entity.
- Outflows or using up of economic benefits incurred to generate revenue.
- Net Profit or Loss:
- The difference between revenue and expenses.
- Other Comprehensive Income (OCI):
- Items of income and expense that are not recognized in the profit or loss but are shown separately in the statement of profit and loss or in the statement of changes in equity.
- The statement of profit and loss presents profit or loss and other comprehensive income separately.
- It may include a subtotal for “profit or loss before other comprehensive income” and the total for “comprehensive income.”
- Comparative information for the preceding period is presented to aid in the analysis of financial performance.
Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) Statement:
- Ind AS 1 allows entities to present other comprehensive income in a single statement (Statement of Profit and Loss and Other Comprehensive Income) or in two separate statements (Statement of Profit and Loss followed by the Statement of Other Comprehensive Income).
Components of OCI:
- OCI includes items such as changes in the fair value of available-for-sale financial instruments, revaluation of property, and actuarial gains and losses on defined benefit plans.
- OCI is presented net of tax, and the tax effect is disclosed.
- The total comprehensive income for the period, combining profit or loss and other comprehensive income, is presented.
- Comparative information for the preceding period is presented.
Ind AS 1 emphasizes the importance of clarity and transparency in financial statement presentation. The objective is to provide relevant and reliable information to users for making informed economic decisions. Entities are required to comply with the specific disclosure requirements of Ind AS 1, providing additional information to enhance the understanding of the financial statements.