Business Economics Characteristics

25/07/2021 1 By indiafreenotes

Business Economics is playing an important role in our daily economic life and business practices. In actual practice different types of business are existing and run by people so study of Business Economics become very useful for businessmen. Since the emergence of economic reforms in Indian economy the whole economic scenario regarding the business is changed.

Various new types of businesses are emerged, while taking the business decisions businessmen are using economic tools. Economic theories, economic principles, economic laws, equations economic concepts are used for decision making. On this ground students of commerce should know the importance of basic theories in actual business application. Hence the introduction of Business Economics becomes important to the students.

Professors H.C. Peterson and W.C. Lewis suggested that Business Economics must be considered as a part of applied microeconomics.

  • In Business Economics, the primary importance upon the firm, the environment in which the firm finds itself and the business decision that the firm has to take.
  • Business Economics is an application of microeconomics which focuses on the topics which are of much importance and interest. The topics include the theories of demand, production and cost, profit-maximising, the model of a firm, optimal prices of the advertising expenditures, government regulation etc.
  • Business Economics seeks to investigate and analyse how and why a business behaves. It looks at the implications of action, policies of the firm in which they operate and the economy as a whole.

Broadly there are two main branches of economics “positive” economics and ‘normative’ economics. Positive economics deals with “description” while normative economics deals with ‘prescription’. By building up propositions on the basis of a set of assumptions, positive economics tries to explain economic phenomenon.

Normative economics comments on the desirability of that phenomenon and suggests policy measures. Value judgments are, thus, pronounced in normative economics. In the words of Profs. Mote, Paul and Gupta: “Managerial economics is a part of normative economics as its focus is more on prescribing choice and action and less on explaining what has happened. Managerial economics draws on positive economics by utilizing the relevant theories as a basis for prescribing choices.”

Business economics not only seeks to investigate and analyse how and why businesses behave as they do but also the implications of their actions and policies for the industry in which they operate and, finally, for the economy as a whole. In this business environment, both internal and external factors work.

Macro Analysis:

Macro economics which deals with the principles of economic behaviour for the economy as a whole is also useful for business economics. A business unit operates within some economic environment which is in turn shaped by the behaviour of the economy as a whole. Therefore, business manager must know the external forces working over his business environment.

Normative in Nature:

Business economics is also called normative economics which prescribes standards or norms for policy making. Business economics is prescriptive rather than descriptive in nature. In economic theory, we try to explain economic bahaviour: in business economics, we try to prescribe policies for a business manager which are most likely applied to achieve his objectives. In economic theory, we build ‘laws’ such as the law of Demand and the Law of Diminishing Returns. In business economics we apply these laws for policy planning at the level of a firm.

Pragmatic in Approach:

Business economics is pragmatic in its approach. It does not involve itself with the theoretical controversies of economics. Yet it does not relegate the realities of business decision-making to the background by bringing in abstract assumptions. While economic theory abstracts from realities of the individual business units to build up its theories, managerial economics takes proper note of the particular economic environment in which a firm works.

Basis of Theory of Markets and Private Enterprises:

Business economics largely uses the theory of markets and private enterprise. It uses the theory of the firm and resource allocation of private enterprise economy.

Micro in Nature:

Business economics is micro-economics in nature. This is due to the study of business economics mainly at the level of the firm.

Generally, a business manager is concerned with problems of his own business unit. He does not study the economic problems of an economy as a whole.