Books and Accounts maintained

27/12/2020 1 By indiafreenotes

A single-entry system records each accounting transaction with a single entry to the accounting records, rather than the more common double entry system. The single-entry system is centered on the results of a business that are reported in the income statement. The core information tracked in a single-entry system is cash disbursements and cash receipts. Asset and liability records are usually not tracked in a single-entry system; these items must be tracked separately. The primary form of record keeping in a single-entry system is the cash book, which is essentially an expanded form of a check register, with columns in which to record the particular sources and uses of cash, and room at the top and bottom of each page in which to show beginning and ending balances. An example of a cash book is:

Nbr Date Description Revenue Expense Inventory Payroll
Balance forward Rs. 31,000 Rs. 13,000 Rs. 4,700 Rs. 8,500
1000 6/15 Utilities 400
1001 6/18 Merchandise 11,300
1002 6/20 Wages 4,500
6/21 Bank deposit 13,100
1003 6/22 Supplies 1,200
Ending Balance Rs. 44,100 Rs. 14,600 Rs. 16,000 Rs. 13,000

Examples of Double Entry

  1. Purchase of machine by cash
Debit Machine Increase in Asset
Credit Cash Decrease in Asset
  1. Payment of utility bills
Debit Utility Expense Increase in Expense
Credit Cash Decrease in Asset
  1. Interest received on bank deposit account
Debit Cash Increase in Asset
Credit Finance Income Decrease in Incomce
  1. Receipt of bank loan principal
Debit Cash Increase in Asset
Credit Bank Loan Increase in Liability
  1. Issue of ordinary shares for cash
Debit Cash Increase in Asset
Credit Share Capital Increase in Equity