SAP S/4HANA Custom Code Migration Strategies

24/03/2024 0 By indiafreenotes

SAP S/4HANA is an integrated enterprise resource planning (ERP) suite developed by SAP. It offers a streamlined, in-memory database architecture, providing real-time analytics and simplified business processes. S/4HANA enhances efficiency by unifying various modules, enabling organizations to manage operations, finance, supply chain, and more in a comprehensive and agile manner. It leverages modern technologies to drive digital transformation and innovation.

Migrating custom code to SAP S/4HANA is a critical step in the transition to the new enterprise resource planning (ERP) system.

Strategies and Best practices for Custom code migration in the Context of SAP S/4HANA:

Custom Code Analysis:

  • Use SAP Readiness Check:

SAP provides a tool called Readiness Check to analyze your existing custom code and identify potential issues during migration.

  • Leverage Custom Code Lifecycle Management (CCLM):

SAP Solution Manager’s CCLM can help you manage custom code throughout its lifecycle, including analysis, optimization, and monitoring.

Business Function Adoption:

  • Identify Necessary Business Functions:

Assess the business functions delivered by SAP S/4HANA and determine which ones align with your business requirements.

  • Replace Custom Code with Standard SAP Functionality:

In cases where standard SAP functions cover your requirements, consider replacing custom code with the out-of-the-box functionality provided by SAP S/4HANA.

Code Remediation:

  • Remediate Deprecated Functionality:

Address any deprecated or obsolete functions in your custom code to ensure compatibility with SAP S/4HANA.

  • Optimize Performance:

Optimize code for performance improvements as the underlying database and architecture in SAP S/4HANA may differ.

SAP Fiori Adoption:

  • Leverage SAP Fiori Apps:

Utilize SAP Fiori apps for a modern and user-friendly interface. Evaluate existing custom code for potential Fiori adoption to enhance user experience.

  • UI Adaptation:

Adapt custom UIs to align with the Fiori design principles and guidelines.

Code Adaptation for SAP S/4HANA Data Model:

  • Adjust Data Models:

Adapt custom code to align with the simplified data model of SAP S/4HANA. The move to a simplified data model is a significant aspect of the migration.

  • Conversion of Open SQL to AMDP:

Consider converting Open SQL statements to ABAP Managed Database Procedures (AMDP) for improved performance.

Simplification Item Handling:

  • Evaluate Simplification Items:

SAP provides a list of simplification items that may impact existing custom code. Evaluate each item and adjust your code accordingly.

  • Use SAP S/4HANA Readiness Check Reports:

These reports help identify simplification items that may affect your custom code.

Automated Tools and Services:

  • Utilize Automated Code Adaptation Tools:

SAP provides tools like the “ABAP Restful Programming Model” to automate parts of the code adaptation process.

  • Engage SAP Services:

Consider engaging SAP services or partners offering automated tools and services for custom code adaptation.

Testing and Validation:

  • Thorough Testing:

Perform comprehensive testing of the adapted code to ensure functionality is intact and performance meets expectations.

  • Utilize SAP Test Tools:

Leverage SAP testing tools, such as SAP Solution Manager, for test management, test execution, and reporting.

Parallel Landscape for Testing:

  • Set Up a Parallel Landscape:

Establish a parallel landscape for testing and validation, allowing you to test the custom code in an environment that mirrors the production system.

  • Regression Testing:

Conduct thorough regression testing to identify and address any issues arising from code migration.


  • Update Documentation:

Ensure that all custom code is well-documented. Update documentation to reflect changes made during the migration process.

  • Knowledge Transfer:

Facilitate knowledge transfer within the development team regarding the changes made to the custom code.

Engage Stakeholders:

  • Involve Key Stakeholders:

Engage business stakeholders to validate that the custom code changes align with business requirements and objectives.

  • Communication Plan:

Develop a communication plan to keep stakeholders informed about the progress and potential impacts of the code migration.

Continuous Monitoring:

  • Monitor PostMigration:

Continuously monitor the performance and behavior of the custom code in the SAP S/4HANA environment.

  • Implement Alerts:

Set up alerts for any unexpected behavior or performance degradation post-migration.

User Training and Support:

  • Provide User Training:

If there are changes to user interfaces or processes due to custom code migration, provide training to end-users.

  • Offer Support Channels:

Establish support channels for users to address any issues or questions related to the migrated custom code.

Performance Tuning:

  • Performance Monitoring:

Implement ongoing performance monitoring for custom code to identify areas for further optimization.

  • Leverage SAP Tools:

Utilize SAP tools and guidelines for performance tuning in SAP S/4HANA.

Continuous Improvement:

  • Feedback Mechanism:

Establish a feedback mechanism to gather insights from users and development teams for continuous improvement.

  • Regular Reviews:

Conduct regular reviews of the custom code.