Internet and e-commerce

05/04/2020 1 By indiafreenotes

We are living in the age of technological advances. Development in our society began to happen post the World Wars, where in Industrial revolution started changing the face of economies. With evolution of Information Technology we first heard the Radio and later the TV that could capture pictures from the air and show it on the TV box. Then came the ‘Computer’ which was aptly the magic box. Computers and advancement of information and communication technology heralded the arrival of ‘Internet’ or ‘World Wide Web’ technology.

What a difference the Internet has made to our lives. No other invention has had such a mass transformational power over the entire human society, enterprise, business, economy as well as the political systems, education and the world communities and nations at large. The internet is rightly called the highway that has managed to erase the borders between countries and societies and taken the human society to a different level altogether.

Take a look at our lives today. There is no aspect of our life that is not interfaced with internet in one way or the other. From an individual’s need to find a date or a suitable life partner to one’s banking, insurance and other payments as well as dining out and not to forget the online shopping, internet has managed to become the mainstream facilitator to each and every individual.

Today millions of users access and use the internet for various purposes throughout the day. They use the internet for searching, browsing, writing & communication, listening, watching news, videos, publishing copying, printing, discussions, trading and selling etc. The list of activities and choices that the internet has got to offer to individuals is ever expanding. With millions of users actively looking for various products, information and services, there is a huge opportunity for the businesses to jump on to the internet bandwagon and cash in on the business opportunity that is presenting itself every minute.

Technology has helped build a platform that has enabled the businesses to cash in on the huge population and market that is now accessible over the internet and sell to them. Take the case of Online Banking, Mobile Banking, Debit| Credit Cards, ATMs as well as online trading and other business transactions, all these have grown and happened as a result of technological advancement in terms of communication, software as well as hardware technologies. From the time that one connected to Internet using a desktop, model and a telephone line to the Wi-Fi technology of today, we have graduated very fast making it possible to buy and sell at the click of a button. At another level the Business Processes as well as ERP coupled with various software and applications besides EDI, have enabled businesses to go ‘On Line’ with their business models.

Today no business, be it Business to Business or Business to Consumer, can ignore the huge ‘Online Market’ that exists on the internet. E Commerce was inevitable. Physical markets have literally been replaced with ‘Virtual Markets’. E Commerce has had far reaching impact on business organizations for it has redefined ‘Market’. E Commerce has made it possible for sellers to reach out to planet wide markets and consumers, thus changing the way business is conducted. For every prospective Management Professional, the in depth understanding of ‘Online Marketing’ and ‘E Commerce’ have become very important. Marketing managers have got to go back to the class rooms to learn the new rules of game in handling Online Marketing which is drastically and totally different from the traditional marketing, selling, distribution and advertising strategies. Understanding all about Internet, E Commerce mechanisms, technologies, learning how to market online, understanding E Customer and learning to identify, build and nurture a relationship with the E Customer become the building blocks of one’s new learning.

The Internet is a worldwide, publicly accessible series of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a “network of networks” that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and government networks, which together carry various information and services, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked web pages and other resources of the World Wide Web (WWW).

The Internet and the World Wide Web are not synonymous. The Internet is a collection of interconnected computer networks, linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections, etc. In contrast, the Web is a collection of interconnected documents and other resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs. The World Wide Web is one of the services accessible via the Internet, along with various others including e-mail, file sharing, online gaming and others described below.

America Online, Comcast, Earthlink, etc. are examples of Internet service providers. They make it physically possible for you to send and access data from the Internet. They allow you to send and receive data to and from their computers or routers which are connected to the Internet.

World Wide Web is an example of an information protocol/service that can be used to send and receive information over the Internet. It supports:

  • Multimedia Information (text, movies, pictures, sound, programs . . . ).
  • Hypertext Information (information that contains links to other information resources)
  • Graphic User Interface (so users can point and click to request information instead of typing in text commands).

The server software for the World Wide Web is called an HTTP server (or informally a Web server). Examples are Apache and IIS. The client software for World Wide Web is called a Web browser. Examples are: Netscape, Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, and Mozilla. These examples are particular “brands” of software that have a similar function, just like Lotus 123 and Excel are both spreadsheet software packages.