Features and importance of Consumer Behaviour30/05/2020
Features of Consumer Behaviour:
1) Consumer behaviour and marketing management: Effective business managers realise the importance of marketing to the success of their firm. A sound understanding of consumer behaviour is essential to the long run success of any marketing program. In fact, it is seen as a comerstone of the Marketing concept, an important orientation of philosophy of many marketing managers. The essence of the Marketing concept is captured in three interrelated orientations consumers needs and wants, company integrated strategy.
2) Consumer behaviour and non profit and social marketing: In today’s world even the non-profit organisations like government agencies, religious sects, universities and charitable institutions have to market their services for ideas to the “target group of consumers or institution.” At other times these groups are required to appeal to the general public for support of certain causes or ideas. Also they make their contribution towards eradication of the problems of the society. Thus a clear understanding of the consumer behaviour and decision making process will assist these efforts
3) Consumer behaviour and government decision making: In recent years the relevance of consumer behaviour principles to government decision making. Two major areas of activities have been affected:
i) Government services: It is increasingly and that government provision of public services can benefit significantly from an understanding of the consumers, or users, of these services.
ii) consumer protection: Many Agencies at all levels of government are involved with regulating business practices for the purpose of protecting consumers welfare.
4) Consumer behaviour and demarketing: It has become increasingly clear that consumers are entering an era of scarcity in terms of some natural gas and water. These scarcities have led to promotions stressing conservation rather than consumption. In other circumstances, consumers have been encouraged to decrease or stop their use of particular goods believed to have harmful effects. Programs designed to reduce drug abuse, gambling, and similar types of conception examples. These actions have been undertaken by government agencies non profit organisations, and other private groups. The term “demarketing” refers to all such efforts to encourage consumers to reduce their consumption of a particular product or services.
5) Consumer behaviour and consumer education: Consumer also stands to benefit directly from orderly investigations of their own behaviour. This can occur on an individual basis or as part of more formal educational programs. For example, when consumers learn that a large proportion of the billions spend annually on grocery products is used for impulse purchases and not spend according to pre planned shopping list, consumers may be more willing to plan effort to save money. In general, as marketers that can influence consumers’ purchases, consumers have the opportunity to understand better how they affect their own behaviour.
Importance of consumer behaviour:
1) production policies: The study of consumer behaviour effects production policies of enterprise. Consumer behaviour discovers the habits, tastes and preferences of consumers and such discovery enables and enterprise to plan and develop its products according to these specifications. It is necessary for an enterprise to be in continuous touch with the changes in consumer behaviour so that necessary changes in products may be made.
2) Price policies: The buyer behaviour is equally important in having price policies. The buyers of some products purchase only because particular articles are cheaper than the competitive articles available in the market.
3) Decision regarding channels of distribution: The goods, which are sold and solely on the basis of low price mast and economical distribution channels. In case of those articles, which week T.V. sets, refrigerators etc. Must have different channels of distribution. Thus, decisions regarding channels of distribution are taken on the basis of consumer behaviour.
4) Decision regarding sales promotion: Study of consumer behaviour is also vital in making decisions regarding sales promotion. It enables the producer to know what motive prompt consumer to make purchase and the same are utilised in promotional campaigns to awaken desire to purchase.
5) Exploiting marketing opportunities: Study of consumer behaviour helps the marketers to understand the consumers needs, aspirations, expectations, problems etc. This knowledge will be useful to the marketers in exploiting marketing opportunities and meeting the challenges of the market.
6) Consumer do not always act or react predictably: The consumers of the past used to react to price levels as if price and quality had positive relation. Today, week value for money, lesser price but with superior features. The consumers response indicates that the shift had occurred.
7) Highly diversified consumer preferences: This shift has occurred due to availability of more choice now. Thus study of consumer behaviour is important to understand the changes.
8) Rapid introduction of new products: Rapid introduction of new product with technological advancement has made the job of studying consumer behaviour more imperative. For example, the information Technologies are changing very fast in personal computer industry.
9) Implementing the “Marketing concept”: This calls for studying the consumer behaviour, all customers need have to be given priority. Thus identification of target market before production becomes essential to deliver the desired customer satisfaction and delight.
Applications of consumer behaviour:
1) Analysing market opportunity: Consumer behaviour study help in identifying the unfulfilled needs and wants of consumers. This requires examining the friends and conditions operating in the Marketplace, consumers lifestyle, income levels and energy influences. This may reveal unsatisfied needs and wants. Mosquito repellents have been marketed in response to a genuine and unfulfilled consumer need.
2) Selecting target market: Review of market opportunities often helps in identifying district consumer segments with very distinct and unique wants and needs. Identifying these groups, behave and how they make purchase decisions enable the marketer to design and market products or services particularly suited to their wants and needs. For example, please sleep revealed that many existing and potential shampoo users did not want to buy shampoo fax price at rate 60 for more and would rather prefer a low price package containing enough quantity for one or two washers. This finding LED companies to introduce the shampoos sachet, which become a good seller.
3) Marketing-mix decisions: Once unsatisfied needs and wants are identified, the marketer has to determine the right mix of product, price, distribution and promotion. Where too, consumer behaviour study is very helpful in finding answers too many preplexing questions. The factors of marketing mix decisions are: i) product ii) price iii) promotion iv) distribution
4) Use in social and non profits marketing: Consumer behaviour studies are useful to design marketing strategies by social, governmental and not for profit organisations to make their programmes more effective such as family planning, awareness about AIDS.